If you fear that someone in your company may be suffering from a heart attack there are a few tell tail signs to look out for. Recognising the symptoms is the first step in being able to help the casualty.
- Chest pains spreading to one or both arms.
- Discomfort in upper abdomen.
- Sudden dizziness or collapse with no warning.
- Blueness of lips and pale complexion.
- Fast, slow, irregular pulse.
- Gasping for air.
Some casualties may suffer all, some or very slight symptoms.
The following simple steps will make a huge difference to the casualty:
- Stay calm and call 999 and let them know that you suspect a heart attack.
- Help the casualty get comfortable. Get them to sit up, support their head and shoulders and pace a cushion under their knees.
- Reassure the casualty, this is so comforting and makes a huge difference, “everything is going to be ok”.
- Help the casualty take a dose of aspirin, it’s best if they chew it slowly. (Making sure they are not allergic)
- Continue to reassure them, keeping bystanders away.
- Monitor their vital signs until help arrives.